Performing Maven Releases on Kenai with Hudson

This article follows on from my previous article where I covered how to get a maven repository working on as they currently do not provide a maven repository and describes how to get Hudson to perform maven releases into that repository automatically.

Configuring Hudson for releasing your project

Maven configuration

The first part is to prepare your project’s pom.xml defining both the scm and distributionManagement elements:

For scm we define the url to point to the remote source repository. Unfortunately you have to put a username in here and you cannot define a connection entry:


Next the distributionManagement element. Here we define it to point to the local copy of our repository that we created in the earlier article:

            <name> repository</name>

Hudson configuration

Next for Hudson. I’m running Hudson 1.306 but this should work for earlier versions. You’ll need to install following plugins via Hudson’s plugin manager:

Once the plugins are installed and hudson restarted you need to create the job that will perform the release:

Under Source Code Management select Mercurial and enter the repository url on kenai.

Next under Build enter the following for Goals and options:

Here I define maven.repo.local to a unique one so that my local development and release repositories are separate to prevent accidentally mixing the two.

Next we need to configure the job to manage the subversion repository. Under Build Environment check M2 Extra Build Steps and add the following two build steps:

In Steps to run before mvn build add the following script which will update the local repository:

cd /Users/peter/repository/reteptools~maven/releases
  svn update

Then in Steps to run after mvn build add the following which will add the final artifacts and commit them:

cd /Users/peter/repository/reteptools~maven/releases
  svn add * --force
  svn commit -m "Release $BUILD_TAG $BUILD_ID"

Finally check Maven release build. The default goals and options should suffice.

Performing an actual release

Unless this is the first time you’ve run the job, enter your job and select Workspace followed by Wipe Out Workspace then confirm. The purpose of this step is to ensure everything is clean and hudson will perform a fresh clone from the repository.

Next select Perform Maven Release. Check Specify release version(s) to confirm that the version numbers match what you want:

When you are happy then select Schedule Maven Release Build.

If all goes well then you should find that Hudson performs the release – although depending on how fast your network connection is you may want to go and make a cup of Coffee…

Example output

If you watch the Console Output, you should see something like the following:

First release:prepare makes a clone and runs a build and all tests:

Started by user peter
$ hg clone ssh:// /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace
requesting all changes
adding changesets
adding manifests
adding file changes
added 244 changesets with 1491 changes to 1013 files (+1 heads)
updating working directory
426 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
Parsing POMs
[workspace] $ /bin/sh -xe /tmp/
+ cd /Users/peter/repository/reteptools~maven/releases
+ svn update
At revision 7.
[workspace] $ java -cp /Users/peter/.hudson/plugins/maven-plugin/WEB-INF/lib/maven-agent-1.306.jar:/usr/local/apache/apache-maven-2.0.9/boot/classworlds-1.1.jar hudson.maven.agent.Main /usr/local/apache/apache-maven-2.0.9/ /Users/peter/.hudson/war/WEB-INF/lib/remoting-1.306.jar /Users/peter/.hudson/plugins/maven-plugin/WEB-INF/lib/maven-interceptor-1.306.jar 65499
channel started
Executing Maven:  -B -f /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/pom.xml -Dresume=false release:prepare release:perform
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO] Reactor build order: 
[INFO]   retepTools
[INFO]   retepTools Source Generator
[INFO]   retepTools Core
[INFO] Searching repository for plugin with prefix: ‘release’.
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building retepTools
[INFO]    task-segment: [release:prepare, release:perform] (aggregator-style)
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] [release:prepare]
[INFO] Verifying that there are no local modifications...
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg status
[INFO] []
[INFO] Checking dependencies and plugins for snapshots ...
[INFO] Transforming ‘retepTools’...
[INFO] Transforming ‘retepTools Source Generator’...
[INFO] Transforming ‘retepTools Core’...
[INFO] Updating retepTools-generator to 9.5
[INFO] Not generating release POMs
[INFO] Executing goals ‘clean verify’...
[INFO] Executing: mvn clean verify --no-plugin-updates --batch-mode
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
        [INFO] Reactor build order: 
        [INFO]   retepTools
        [INFO]   retepTools Source Generator
        [INFO]   retepTools Core

next it updates the pom’s to the new release and commits them in tagging as it does so:

        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] Reactor Summary:
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] retepTools ............................................ SUCCESS [2.486s]
        [INFO] retepTools Source Generator ........................... SUCCESS [4.260s]
        [INFO] retepTools Core ....................................... SUCCESS [2:47.495s]
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] Total time: 2 minutes 54 seconds
        [INFO] Finished at: Tue May 19 19:53:00 BST 2009
        [INFO] Final Memory: 37M/80M
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] Checking in modified POMs...
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg commit --message “[maven-release-plugin] prepare release retepTools-9.5” /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/pom.xml /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/generator/pom.xml /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/core/pom.xml
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg push ssh://
[INFO] Tagging release with the label retepTools-9.5...
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg tag --message “[maven-release-plugin]  copy for tag retepTools-9.5” retepTools-9.5
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg push ssh://
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg locate
[INFO] Transforming ‘retepTools’...
[INFO] Transforming ‘retepTools Source Generator’...
[INFO] Transforming ‘retepTools Core’...
[INFO] Updating retepTools-generator to 9.6-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] Not removing release POMs
[INFO] Checking in modified POMs...
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg commit --message “[maven-release-plugin] prepare for next development iteration” /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/pom.xml /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/generator/pom.xml /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/core/pom.xml
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg push ssh://
[INFO] Release preparation complete.

Then it starts release:perform. Here it makes a fresh clone but this time for the newly created tag and compiles it again:

[INFO] [release:perform]
[INFO] Checking out the project to perform the release ...
[INFO] Removing /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/target/checkout
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg clone -r retepTools-9.5 ssh:// /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/target/checkout
[INFO] EXECUTING: hg locate


        [INFO] Uploading project information for retepTools 9.5
        [INFO] Retrieving previous metadata from retep.releases
        [INFO] Uploading repository metadata for: 'artifact'
        Uploading: file:/Users/peter/repository/reteptools~maven/releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-sources.jar
        783K uploaded
        Uploading: file:/Users/peter/repository/reteptools~maven/releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-javadoc.jar
        2383K uploaded
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] Reactor Summary:
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] retepTools ............................................ SUCCESS [4.546s]
        [INFO] retepTools Source Generator ........................... SUCCESS [5.987s]
        [INFO] retepTools Core ....................................... SUCCESS [2:47.913s]
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] Total time: 2 minutes 58 seconds
        [INFO] Finished at: Tue May 19 19:58:10 BST 2009
        [INFO] Final Memory: 40M/80M
        [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
        [INFO] Cleaning up after release...
[HUDSON] Archiving /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/workspace/pom.xml to /Users/peter/.hudson/jobs/release_retepTools/modules/$retepTools/builds/2009-05-19_19-50-00/archive/
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 8 minutes 9 seconds
[INFO] Finished at: Tue May 19 19:58:10 BST 2009
[INFO] Final Memory: 11M/27M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
channel stopped

finally it adds and commits the new artifacts into subversion. Once this step completes your release is publicly available.

[workspace] $ /bin/sh -xe /tmp/
+ cd /Users/peter/repository/reteptools~maven/releases
+ svn add uk --force
A         uk/org/retep/maven-metadata.xml
A         uk/org/retep/maven-metadata.xml.md5
A         uk/org/retep/maven-metadata.xml.sha1
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5
A  (bin)  uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-javadoc.jar
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-javadoc.jar.md5
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-javadoc.jar.sha1
A  (bin)  uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-sources.jar
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-sources.jar.md5
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-sources.jar.sha1
A  (bin)  uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.jar
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.jar.md5
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.jar.sha1
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.pom
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.pom.md5
A         uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.pom.sha1
+ svn commit -m 'Release hudson-release_retepTools-15 2009-05-19_19-47-45'
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/maven-metadata.xml
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/maven-metadata.xml.md5
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/maven-metadata.xml.sha1
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5
Adding  (bin)  releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-javadoc.jar
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-javadoc.jar.md5
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-javadoc.jar.sha1
Adding  (bin)  releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-sources.jar
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-sources.jar.md5
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5-sources.jar.sha1
Adding  (bin)  releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.jar
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.jar.md5
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.jar.sha1
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.pom
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.pom.md5
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/9.5/retepTools-9.5.pom.sha1
Sending        releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/maven-metadata.xml
Sending        releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/maven-metadata.xml.md5
Sending        releases/uk/org/retep/retepTools/maven-metadata.xml.sha1
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/tools/retepTools/maven-metadata.xml
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/tools/retepTools/maven-metadata.xml.md5
Adding         releases/uk/org/retep/tools/retepTools/maven-metadata.xml.sha1
Transmitting file data .......................................
Committed revision 8.
Finished: SUCCESS

That’s it, the release process is now fully automated and can be repeated with a couple of clicks.

Author: petermount1

Prolific Open Source developer who also works in the online gaming industry during the day. Develops in Java, Go, Python & any other language as necessary. Still develops on retro machines like BBC Micro & Amiga A1200

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