Setting up a Weather WebCam on Linux

Weather webcams are always popular and it is easy and free to set one up yourself.  This article will show how to setup a simple USB webcam to produce still images and serve them on a local apache webserver.

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Formatting xml in emacs

I had this problem of debugging some xml but when reading the output of some log4j it was almost impossible to read so I needed some way of prettifying the xml quickly.

For this example I have the following xml:

<?xml version="1.0"?><xml><iq xmlns="jabber:component:accept" from="test1@temp.retep.org/client" id="iq_257" to="service.retep.org" type="get"><query xmlns="some:namespace"/></iq></xml>

So how do we pretify this in emacs?

Well the first thing to do is to write an extension function & place it into your ~/.emacs file. Placing it here means that when you open emacs the extension is available:

(defun xml-format ()
  (interactive)
  (save-excursion
    (shell-command-on-region (mark) (point) "xmllint --format -" (buffer-name) t)
  )
)

Now this works by passing the buffer to the xmllint utility and replaces it with the output – in this case nicely formatted xml.

Now we need to install xmllint:

pi@lindesfarne: ~$ sudo apt-get install libxml2-utils

Ok so now open emacs and open the xml. To format first select the xml you want to format then Press Escape then x followed by xml-format & press return. You should then get the xml nicely formatted:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xml>
  <iq xmlns="jabber:component:accept" from="test1@temp.retep.org/client" id="iq_257" to="service.retep.org" type="get">
    <query xmlns="some:namespace"/>
  </iq>
</xml>

Compiling a Kernel on the Raspberry PI

The reason I had to do this was because I needed video4linux to get a webcam working for a forcoming series of posts connecting a telescope to the pi. Although the connection to the telescope wasn’t a problem, the customized webcam I have needed it.

Here I compile the kernel on a more powerful linux box to save time then transfer the kernel over to the PI.

Also this article is mainly my personal notes on compiling a new kernel rather than a tutorial on how to do it. Writing it here makes sense to keep things together & maybe it’s useful for anyone else.

These instructions are based on the RPI Kernel Compilation available at elinux.org.
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